KNOWLEDGE FOR DEVELOPMENT VISION 2030+: FOCUS ON SMART GROWTH, CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THEORY, POLICY AND PRACTICE
The Knowledge Economy and Society view has evolved over the last twenty years into the major theory, policy and practice framework concerning the social, economic and political dimensions of country development dynamics. Substantial progress in academic research as well as practice-focused projects has revealed the power and effectiveness of applying Knowledge Economy and Society thinking and concepts in interventions concerning human and intellectual capital development, cultural and societal as well as organizational transformation, and environmental remediation and protection.
The emerging gloCalising (globalizing-localizing) frontier of converging systems, networks and sectors of innovation that is driven by increasingly complex, non-linear, and dynamic processes of knowledge creation, diffusion and use, confronts us with the need to re-conceptualize, if not to re-invent, the ways and means that knowledge production, utilization and renewal takes place in the context of the knowledge economy and society. Perspectives from and about different parts of the world and diverse human, socio-economic, technological and cultural contexts are interwoven to produce an emerging new worldview on how specialized knowledge, that is embedded in a particular socio-technical context, can serve as the unit of reference for stocks and flows of a hybrid, public/private, tacit/codified, tangible/virtual good, that represents the building block of knowledge economy, society, and policy.
PAAET, as one of the biggest academic institutions in Kuwait, is organizing Heading Global 2016 as a first in a series conference to trigger, catalyze and accelerate ideation, dialog and creative problem-centric policy making to fully leverage Knowledge Economy and Society concepts and practices spanning the government, university, industry and civil society sectors to inspire and engage individual researchers, inventors, entrepreneurs and investors as drivers of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth based on human and intellectual capital rather than natural endowments. In this context, we believe that Education, Training and Development are the heart and soul of the Knowledge for Development Vision 2030 and the Kuwait Heading Global 2016 conference where educators, policy makers, practitioners and individual citizens will engage and interact to frame current and emerging challenges and derive solutions and opportunities for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth for the Kuwaiti Economy and Society and the broader MENA region.
The Recipe for Sustainable Knowledge-based Smarter Cities
New Paradigms for Education and Culture in the Digital Age
New technologies based on digitalization, robotics, artificial intelligence, bio-technology and quantum-mechanics will open new and paradigm-breaking ways for transforming existing environments. Scientific progress in conjunction with creative skills will change the rules of social life, politics and economics.
Physical products, their creation and distribution were dominating factors for the development of societies, affecting the course of politics and economics.
In the near future information will take over the role of physical products: Generating, processing and distributing information will be the driving force of civilization. Combining knowledge will become even more important than generating new knowledge. Labor will have to be fundamentally re-defined. And all this requires basically new paradigms for education and for the role of art and culture in our societies.
Linking economic development to entrepreneurship, innovation and education
The work by different regions has focused in the past decade on the entrepreneurial ecosystems and their link to policies and investments in the ecosystem. The presentation paints a picture of what needs to happen to enhance the economic development of a region based on the work of government, industry, entrepreneurs and educational institutions
Smart environments and smart growth- Connecting innovation strategies and digital growth strategies
The global growth outlook over the past five years shows diverting growth rates among regions, countries, and industry sectors. There are significant changes in the allocation of growth with a gradual improvement in advanced economies and slowdown in developing countries and emerging markets. These trends indicate a slowing down of globalization, which has been the major driver of economic growth during the last decades, but also the emergence of new drivers and technologies that sustain the continuation of growth in the coming years. Many expectations are actually placed on mobile technologies, smart systems, and the Internet, as new drivers of growth globally. Growth sustained by such smart environments has become a global challenge because of disruptions and advantages that information and communication technologies and the Internet bring to innovation systems, business models, and development patterns.
Innovation and digital systems de facto converge into integrated “cyber-physical systems of innovation”, which combine digital networks with user-driven innovation, and the best available competences locally available with global supply chains and alliances. Digital strategies and smart environments fill gaps in the innovation supply chain, offering virtual connectivity and outsourcing where local resources and skills are missing. Due to virtuality, all components of innovation systems (research, funding, production, markets) get digital assistants enabling advanced information processing, and becoming more agile and competitive.
In the multifaceted landscape of digital disruption, innovation and growth, this talk focuses on the interconnection between innovation and digital systems and strategies. Following an introduction on the current outlook of growth, we turn to digital drivers of growth as outlined in various strands of the literature; we discuss the digital disruption of business practices, the use of digital tools and smart environments for innovation and new product development, the rise of cyber-physical infrastructures, and systems of innovation. We examine also the interface and connection between innovation strategies and various types of digital strategies (smart cities, broadband infrastructures, virtual environments). We refer to three case studies from France, Greece, and UAE that illustrate how digital growth and innovation strategies are interconnected and cross-fertilised. In the conclusion, we portray connectors and bridges between innovation and digital systems and strategies, such as sector-specific smart enviroments, innovation over digital platforms, and digital solutions for collaborative product design and development.
The Future of Mobility- Electric, Connected, and Shared
The past few years have seen dramatic changes in mobility. Power trains are shifting from the internal combustion engine to electricity; mobility has gone viral with Uber, Lyft, and peer-to-peer systems; and self-driving Google cars are prowling the streets. The Rocky Mountain Institute has estimated the US could save $700 billion annually by shifting to a mobility-focused, shared use, electrified transportation system. PricewaterhouseCoopers recently predicted that autonomous cars could reduce the vehicle fleet by 99%. A Bloomberg Energy study predicted that 35% of all vehicles sold globally will be electric by 2040. Based on the experience of the US regions that have seen the most rapid adoption of these new technologies, this interactive workshop will explore what is real, what is hype, what is next, and what it all means for drivers, communities, and the economy.
Practical Prerequisites to Large-Scale Innovation: Lessons from Telecommunications and Electric Power
When Everett Rogers advanced his theory of “innovation diffusion” half a century ago, few political leaders, businessmen or scholars concerned themselves with questions of innovation, except in the most limited and parochial terms. Today, innovation is a Big Idea and increasingly big business. Unfortunately, thinking about innovation has remained focused in the limited universe of ideas that Rogers was interested in. New scholarly work, for example, has continued Rogers inquiry into how (and to a limited extent, why) businesses innovate and how (and with what speed) innovations get adopted by businesses. While Rogers gave us a brilliant framework for a critical subset of innovation questions, he did not explore broader issues like what are the pre-conditions that foster innovation in a society (as opposed to a particular business enterprise or industry)? What intellectual and educational elements foster (or impede) innovation? What roles do political systems, legal structures, and government intervention play in innovation? Do social mores and structures matter? To what extent are broad patterns and periods of innovation in societies or industries driven by ideas and to what extent by applications and uses?
This talk will explore all of these questions within the context of the relentless innovation experienced in telecommunications technology and services, and the less rapid, more tentative changes being experienced with technology and service innovation in electric power production and distribution. Focus will be on developments in the United States, Germany and China over the last half-century. The central thrust will be that education, regulatory structures, capital formation and societal “openness” matter most in encouraging innovation.
Sustainable Economy Through One Health & Health Security
Sustainable economies require a healthy skilled labor force. Health is not simply the absence of disease or illness, but rather the complete physical, mental and social well-being of a person or population. In order to maintain health, measures must be in place to preserve and protect the health of the population. Achieving health security is complex and requires, not only the delivery of adequate health care and protection against infectious disease, but also depends on ample food supply and a productive environment. Thus, creating and sustaining a healthy population includes establishing health infrastructure, preservation of the environment, food security, and regional stability. Stable, healthy, and well-fed communities are content, more resistant to disease, more productive, and are therefore able to grow and sustain economies.
Health care is required to treat communicable and non-communicable diseases, which have deleterious effects on economies. Although non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death world-wide, the impact of communicable disease is catastrophic to nations, as demonstrated by the recent outbreak of Ebola virus in Western Africa and Asia, and the 2001 outbreak of Foot & Mouth Disease in the United Kingdom. Infectious diseases move freely across borders, creating disease in humans, reducing the production capabilities of food producing animals, and negatively impacting trade. Billions of dollars have been spent to mitigate these outbreaks, prevent spread, and reduce the number of human casualties; thus investing in health infrastructure can help lessen this burden. Countries engaged in conflict have food insecurity, physical and emotional illness, and poor health infrastructure. In many cases, the insurgency is fueled by the humanitarian crisis and lack of adequate resources to sustain life.
Smart Society driven by Creativity, Ingenuity and Discipline
The Knowledge society produces a knowledge economy driven by creativity, ingenuity and discipline. The knowledge society stimulates growth and prosperity which enable educational organizations to foster compassion, community relation and cosmopolitan identity which in turn fuels a knowledge economy’s most driven elements. A knowledge economy by its virtue caters for the good of the private sector but it also encompass the public segment. The learning organizations today serves and shapes the future of the world whereas a great economy provides opportunities and improvements on condition that people learn to be more empowered, self motivated and flexible. The society invests in their future financial security, skills and communities. They value working creatively and collaboratively. The knowledge society processes information, knowledge and past experience in order to maximize learning and develop capacities to cope with changes, innovative ideas and knowhow for the future prosperity as well as to out invent the competition.
As the Irish say: “We have to listen to the river if we want to catch the trout”.
My keynote speech will also include the following examples from our experience.
• Total ABK Academy; aimed to enable young Emiratis of secondary school level to be oil field operators in a very short period
• Alreyada; aimed to familiarize undergraduate students and young professionals, during a 1 week camp, with the challenges faced by the energy sector in the region and to brainstorm on aspects of HR, leadership, partnership and sustainable development at local and global levels. And also to build a regional network with pro-positive thinkers of young generation (millennial) of the region.
• Toastmaster Clubs; aimed to gather a diverse group of people that enable each other motivated and self sustained for ongoing learning.
Creative Leadership in the Emerging Knowledge Society
The concept of the knowledge-based economy advances the idea that creativity and innovation are the primary source of economic growth and competitive advantage. Creativity is often described as the catalyst to innovation, but creativity should not be left to chance. Creative leaders should be in place. They must actively implement strategies that encourage and stimulate creative thinking and innovation.
In the knowledge society, what we truly need is a leadership that will inspire us and shape our future; a leadership that believes in the strength of ideas and the power of imagination.
This Keynote aims at creating awareness of the creative leadership concept and its growing importance in today’s world.
The role of integrative (win-win) and distributive (win-lose) negotiating styles in generating Smart Growth
We understand Smart Growth as a collaborative and sustainable one. Collaboration implies interdependence and integration of negotiating styles and cultures. Negotiating actors and settings might differ but the core foundations of growth rest in collaboration and plethora of examples spanning across countries and continents can be cited.
The essence of negotiation is communication and interaction and difficulties in international negotiation are often originated by lack of trust, of transparency, of empathy and by the belief that negotiation is something one has to ‘win’. Negotiators might or might not have converging goals, which does not preclude the negotiation outcomes.
Opportunities and threats permeate all markets every day and the ability of seizing opportunities leads to strategic growth. Negotiating situations must not be perceived as being positive or negative but as contexts in which there are abundant opportunities and threats. Smart negotiators are the ones who can see opportunities where others see threats. This broad vision of markets, relationships and contexts is reached through education and experience.
Education and knowledge building in the field of negotiation has so far been led by Western frameworks with a strong competitive orientation rather than collaborative. Win-win and win-lose strategies have been taught and practiced around the world. This paradigm and the corpus of knowledge built out of it might have reached its limits now that cross-cultural negotiations are more and more needed and consequently more and more frequent. With novel emerging markets and richness based on services rather than on goods and commodities, the negotiation landscape is changing and calling for a different vision of what negotiation means. As a result, more conflicts are emerging because all negotiators are not educated the same way, and there is incompatibility among different paradigms.